Europe and the third world war 1953_1968
By 1953 the forces of nationalism, which had speeded the disappearance of the great European empires in Asia, were spreading to other parts of the underdeveloped world. The revolution in Egypt was the prelude to the stirring of a more militant and more revolutionary form of nationalism throughout the Arab nations. In Africa too, both north and South of the Sahara, nationalist leaders were emerging who were determined to establish the political independence of their countries and end the privileges of the European minorities. And even where independence had been achieved there were still many grounds for disputes between the former colonies and the European powers, for the latter frequently continued to have a major economic stake in the old colonial areas.