EYurophu kwemfazwe yehlabathi wesithathu (1953-1968) | Erupean


EYurophu ihlabathi wesithathu imfazwe 1953_1968

xa 1953 imikhosi bobuhlanga, leyo ikhawuleziswe yokuduka yobukhosi European elikhulu Asia, zazolule kwezinye iindawo zehlabathi kwezibhedlele. Revolution iYiputa sisiqalo kokugxojwagxojwa ifomu silwe ngakumbi revolution ngaphezulu izwe lonke iintlanga Arab. Kwi-Afrika kakhulu, zombini emantla noMzantsi eSahara, iinkokheli wesizwe zaye asahlumayo abo bazimisele ukumisela ukuzimela kwezopolitiko kumazwe abo kwaye aphelise amalungelo ke bambalwa European. Yaye nokuba ukuzimela zifikelelwe kwakusekho izizathu ezininzi iimbambano phakathi amathanga zangaphambili kunye namagunya yaseYurophu, kuba mva rhoqo baqhubeka isibonda loqoqosho olukhulu kwimimandla endala lobukoloniyali.

aseYurophu

Ubudlelwane phakathi States yasentshona yaseYurophu kunye neentlanga ezintsha Africa and Asia zenziwa nzima kukuba eRashiya amagunya obuKomanisi onomdla kakhulu ngeli xesha ukwandisa impembelelo yabo yezopolitiko, kunye lwabo kwezoqoqosho kunye nala mazwe, ingakumbi empumalanga phakathi. Iintlanga ezintsha ngokubanzi aba ningaxhaleli ukuba nincokole iinkosi zabo bezithanga kuba wamaKomanisi omtsha kodwa wayefuna ukwenza ihlabathi wesithathu phakathi eMpuma West. Noko, ke yanyanzeleka ukuba amayelenqe ehlabathini ezopolitiko, njengoko zombini amagunya yasentshona kunye baseRashiya wafuna ukwakha iinkqubo zawo nendiselana.
The Baghdad Pact: Kuba amagunya wasentshona enye njengendlela equlethe ubukomanisi in Asia kunye kuMbindi Mpuma yaba ekudalweni ekuzimanyeni Military norhulumente pro-ntshona. e 1952 Greece kunye Turkey sele zahlanganiswa zaba NATO kamva American esekwe iinqwelwana ngexabiso kumda Turkish yiSoviet. Kuloo ndawo baya babesiza ukwamkela anti indima wamaKomanisi olukhuselayo ukuze ezigcinwe ixesha elide yiBritani ukususela kwimihla Palmerston kunye sraeli. Kwenye kuMbindi Mpuma Britain wahlala amandla Koloni yeyona inxaxheba. Abacebisi umkhosi waseBritani wahlala Iraq kunye Jordan, kwaye 1955 Iraq wakhuthazwa ukuba zenze yokuzimanya Turkey. Le manyano enziwa ukuquka Pakistan, WasePersi neBritani. Kwaba anticommunist ngokucacileyo yaye ecatshukelwa ngamandla States neutralist kummandla. Indiya ngokomzekelo wayesoyika ukuze kujikela naye kwiimpikiswano kwakhe Pakistan, nangona British wenza kwacaca ukuba Ally ngokuchasene kwelinye ilizwe Commonwealth abayi. Nangona States umanyano elingelilo ilungu ngesivumelwano yandikhuthaza ukuba, kunye ngesivumelwano Baghdad kunxibelelene zombini NATO ngokusebenzisa iBritani Turkey kunye South East Asia Umbutho umnqophiso ngokusebenzisa iBritani Pakistan. SEATO ngomnye anti wamaKomanisi ngesivumelwano yomkhosi yenziwe eUnited States, ulinganiso, Fransi , Ostreliya, Nyu Zilend, kwiiPhilippines, Thailand ne Pakistan, kwaye kwasekwa ngoSeptemba, 1954,t o counter ndlongo kwindawo South West wePasifiki ngaphantsi ethile.

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