Europe uye hondo yenyika rechitatu (1953-1968) | Erupean


Europe uye wechitatu nyika hondo 1953_1968

By 1953 masimba vorudzi, wakange speeded kunyangarika pakati umambo makuru European muAsia, vakanga vachiparadzira kune dzimwe underdeveloped nyika. The chimurenga muIjipiti aiva mavambo mwana achitamba kupfuura ngwizhingwi uye zvikuru echimurenga muchimiro urudzi panyika Arab marudzi. In Africa zvakare, zvose kuchamhembe uye rwezasi Sahara, Vatungamiriri nationalist vakanga hwava vakanga vakatsunga kumisa enyika rusununguko kunyika yavo uye kugumisa neropafadzo yeEuropean vashoma. Uye kunyange apo rusununguko akanga kubudirira kwakanga kuchine zvakawanda chikonzero kusawirirana pakati aimbova dzaidzorwa nemasimba European, nokuti zvapedzisira kakawanda vakaramba kuva chikuru zvoupfumi rokutambudzikira yekare yaitonga Swaziland nzvimbo.

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The hukama pakati States yokumadokero European uye marudzi itsva Africa uye Asia vakanga zvakaomesa chokuti Russia uye Communist masimba vaifarira panguva chaizvo nguva ino kuwedzera kwavo mune zvematongerwe enyika vari, uye avo ezvoupfumi kuonana nyika idzi, kunyanya pakati kumabvazuva. Kazhinji marudzi itsva dzakanga musafunganyira kuchinjana ichitongwa vanatenzi vavo Communist idzva iri asi vakatsvaka kusika rechitatu munyika pakati East uye West. Kunyange zvakadaro, Vakati vakaiswa munyika kupokana enyika, sezvo vose kumadokero masimba uye vokuRussia vakatsvaka kuvaka kwavo nehurongwa kubatana.
The Baghdad chibvumirano: Nokuti kumadokero masimba imwe nzira ine komiyunizimu muAsia uye kuMiddle East akanga kusikwa Military nemibatanidzwa aifarira-yokumadokero hurumende. mu 1952 Greece neTurkey akanga kukwezverwa NATO uye American gare gare yakasimbiswa chitundumuseremusere nezvigadziko pamuganhu Turkish Soviet. Munzvimbo iyoyo vakanga vachiuya vagamuchire unodzivirira Anti yechiKomonisiti basa saka refu inoitwa neBritain kubva pamazuva Palmerston uye Disraeli. Kumwewo kuMiddle East Britain yakaramba zvikuru zvinobatanidzwa simba Western. British vemauto vanachipangamazano vakasara Iraq uye Jordan, uye 1955 Iraq akakurudzirwa kuumba kubatana Turkey. kwomubatanidzwa uyu akanga awanda kusanganisira Pakistan, Persia uye Britain. Zvaiva pachena anticommunist uye zvakasimba kusafarira kubudikidza neutralist States munzvimbo. India Somuenzaniso aitya kuti ngavadzoserwe kuti murwe mumakakatanwa vake Pakistan, kunyange zvazvo Britain akajekesa kuti handizvo Ally pamusoro mumwe Commonwealth nyika. Kunyange zvazvo United States yakanga isiri nhengo chibvumirano naro yakakurudzira naro, uye Baghdad chibvumirano yakanga yakabatana zvose NATO kuburikidza Britain uye Turkey uye South East Asia chibvumirano sangano kuburikidza Britain uye Pakistan. SEATO aiva mumwe vechiKomonisiti muchiuto chibvumirano Anti runoumbwa vakabatana States, Britain, Furanzi, Ositireriya, Nyuzirendi, Philippines, Thailand uye Pakistan, uye yakaumbwa September, 1954,T O pakaunda kurwisa kuSouth kumavirira nzvimbo Pacific pazasi Latitude.

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