In the postwar big boom business flourished and the successful prospered beyond their wildest dreams for the first time many Americans enrolled in highest education-in the 1920 college enrollment doubled the middle class prospered Americans began to enjoy the would highest national average income in this era.
Americans of the Roaring Twenties Fell in love with modern entertainments. Most people went to the movies once a week, Although prohibition a nationwide ban on the sale of alcohol instituted through the 18th Amendment to the U.S Constitution began in 1919,illegal speakeasies (bars) and nightclubs proliferate featuring jazz music cocktails and daring modes of dress and dance. Dancing movie going, automobiles touring and radio were national crazes. American woman in particular felt liberated. They cut their hair short (bobbed wore short flapper dresses and gloried in the right to vote accrued by the 19th amendment to the constitution passed in 1920 they boldly spoke their mind and took publish roles in society.
In spite of this prosperity, Western youths on the cultural edge were in the state of intellectual rebellion angry and disillusioned with the savage war as well as the older generation they held responsible, Ironically difficult postwar economic conditions in Europe allowed Mexicans with dollars lie writers, F. Scott Fitzgerald earnest Hemingway Gertrude stein and Ezra pound to live abroad handsomely on very little money and to soak up the postwar disillusionment as well as other European intellectual currents particularly Freudian psychology and to a lesser extent Marxism.
Numerous novels, notably Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises ( 1926) and Fitzgerald’s This side of paradise (1020) evoke the extravagances and disillusionment of what American expatriate writer Gertrude stein dubbed the lost generation In T.S Eliot’s in long poem The Western land, (1922) Western civilization is symbolized by a bleak desert in desperate need of rain (spiritual renewal)
Many Historians, Have characterized the period between the two world wars as the United States’ traumatic” coming of age” despite the fact that U/S direct involvement was relatively brief (1917-1918) and its casualties many fewer than those of its European allies and foes. Shocked and permanently changed, American soldiers returned to their home. და, but could never regain their innocence. Nor could soldiers from rural America easily return to their roots. After experiencing the world, many now yearned for a modern, urban life.
The large cultural wave of Modernism, which emerged in Europe, and then spread to the United States in the early years of the 20th century, expressed a sense of ,modern life thought art as a sharp break from the past As modern machinery had changed the pace atmosphere and appearance of daily life in the early 20th century so many artists and writers with varying degrees of success, reinvented traditional artistic forms tried to find radically new ones n aesthetic echo of what people had come to call the machine age.
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