Teb chaws Europe thiab peb lub ntiaj teb ua tsov rog (1953-1968) | Erupean

Teb chaws Europe thiab peb lub ntiaj teb ua tsov rog 1953_1968

los ntawm 1953 cov rog ntawm nationalism, uas tau speeded lub disappearance ntawm tus poj European empires nyob rau hauv cov teb chaws Asia, tau kis tus kab mob rau lwm qhov chaw ntawm lub ntiaj teb no underdeveloped. Cov kiv puag ncig nyob rau hauv Egypt yog cov prelude mus rau lub zaj ntawm ib tug ntau nyaum thiab ntau revolutionary daim ntawv ntawm nationalism thoob plaws hauv lub as haiv neeg. Nyob rau hauv teb chaws Africa heev, ob sab qaum teb thiab sab qab teb ntawm lub Sahara, nationalist cov thawj coj tawm uas tau txiav txim mus nrhiav kom tau cov nom tswv kev ywj pheej ntawm lawv lub teb chaws thiab xaus cov cai ntawm cov European minorities. Thiab txawm nyob qhov twg ywj siab tau tau tiav muaj tseem muaj ntau thaj av rau kev tsis sib haum ntawm lub qub zos thiab cov nyob sab Europe powers, rau lub caij nyoog kawg no nquag txuas ntxiv kom muaj ib tug loj economic ceg txheem ntseeg nyob rau hauv lub qub colonial chaw.

European

Cov kev sib raug zoo ntawm cov western European States thiab cov tshiab haiv neeg ntawm teb chaws Africa thiab Asia tau nyuab los ntawm qhov tseeb hais tias Russia thiab cov Communist powers twb xav nyob rau ntawm no heev lub sij hawm nyob rau hauv kom lawv nom tswv cawv nyob rau hauv, thiab lawv economic kev sib cuag nrog cov teb chaws, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog nyob rau hauv nruab nrab sab hnub tuaj. Tus tshiab haiv neeg muaj feem ntau tsis xav pauv lawv colonial masters rau cov tshiab Communist nyob tab sis, theej nrhiav kom tsim peb lub ntiaj teb nruab nrab sab hnub tuaj thiab sab hnub poob. Cuaj kaum, lawv tau dragged rau hauv lub ntiaj teb no kev nom kev tswv rivalries, raws li ob qho tib si rau hauv lub Western powers thiab lub Russians nrhiav los tsim kom tau li lawv lub nruab ntawm alliances.
Lub Baghdad Pact: Rau lub sab hnub poob powers ib txoj kev uas muaj communism nyob rau hauv cov teb chaws Asia thiab cov Middle East yog tus creation ntawm cov tub rog alliances nrog cov pro-western tsoom fwv. Nyob rau hauv 1952 Tim Nkij teb chaws thiab Qaib Cov Txwv tau twv rau hauv NATO thiab cov American tom qab tsim foob pob ua ntxaij bases nyob rau Turkish Soviet ciam teb. Nyob rau hauv cheeb tsam ntawd lawv tau los txais yuav tus tiv thaiv anti Communist lub luag hauj lwm li ntawd, ntev nyob rau ntawm Britain txij thaum lub hnub ntawm Palmerston thiab Disraeli. Sim lwm qhov nyob rau hauv lub Middle East teb chaws Aas Kiv tseem nyob feem ntau muab kev koom tes Western hwj chim. British tub rog advisers tseem nyob rau hauv Iraq thiab Jordan, thiab nyob rau hauv 1955 Iraq twb xav kom tsim ib qho alliance nrog qaib ntxhw. Qhov no alliance yog tsam kom muaj xws li Pakistan, Persia thiab teb chaws Aas Kiv. Nws yog kom meej meej anticommunist thiab ntseeg tau disliked los ntawm neutralist States nyob rau hauv lub cheeb tsam. Is Nrias teb rau Piv txwv li yog fearful tias nws yuav tsum muab tiv thaiv nws nyob hauv nws kev tsis sib haum nrog Pakistan, txawm hais tias tus British ua nws tseeb hais tias lawv yuav tsis pab pawg phooj ywg tawm tsam lwm tus Commonwealth lub teb chaws. Txawm tias lub teb States tsis yog ib tug mej zeej ntawm lub sib tuav hauv nws xav kom nws, thiab lub Baghdad sib tuav hauv twb txuas rau ob leeg NATO los ntawm teb chaws Aas Kiv thiab Qaib Cov Txwv thiab lub South East Asia treaty lub koom haum los ntawm teb chaws Aas Kiv thiab Pakistan. SEATO yog lwm anti Communist tub rog sib tuav hauv ua los ntawm lub teb chaws As Mes Kas, Teb chaws Aas Kiv, Fabkis, Australia, New Zealand, lub Philippines, Thaib teb thiab Pakistan, thiab tsim nyob rau hauv lub Cuaj Hli Ntuj, 1954,t o txee aggression nyob rau hauv sab qab teb sab hnub poob Pacific cheeb tsam hauv qab no lub latitude.

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