A Condition, usually affecting both feet, in which the arch of the foot is absent and the sole rests flat on the ground. The arches normally form gradually as the supportive ligaments and muscles in the solves develop, they are not usually fully formed until about eh age of six. In some people, however, the ligaments are lax or the muscles in the feet are weak, and the feet, therefore, remain flat. less commonly, the arches of the feet may not form because of a hereditary defect in bone structure. Flatfeet can acquire in adult life because of fallen arches, sometimes as the result of a rapid increase in weight. The weakening of the supporting muscles and ligaments of the feet may occur in certain neurological or muscular diseases such as poliomyelitis.
In most cases, flat feet are painless and require no treatment, although in some cases the feet ache on walking or standing. supports can be worn exercises can be used to help strengthen weakened ligaments and muscles. S few affected children require an operation to correct the bones in the feet.
Abdominal discomfort or fullness that is relieved by belching or by passing the wind through the anus. Flatulence is a feature of many conditions, such as irritable bowel and gallbladder disorders.
When an individual is in an upright position, most swallowed air passes back up the to be expelled through the mouth. When a person is in a prone position, the air may pass through the intestine and anus instead. The gas formed in the intestine is passed only through the anus.
The Gas, commonly known as “wind” that is passed through the anus. The Gas is formed in the large intestine by the action of bacteria on carbohydrates and amino acids in food. The Gas consists of hydrogen, carbon dioxide, and methane. Air may be swallowed while eating and enter the stomach or intestine. Large amounts of the gas may cause flatulence. Which may be relieved by the passage of wind or by deflection.
Any Species of worm that has flattened shape.
Two Types of flatworm are parasites of humans, cestodes (tapeworms) and trematodes (schistosomes, flukes)
An antiarrhythmic drug used in the treatment of tachycardia atrial fibrillation, and arrhythmias associated with conditions such as Wolff-Parkison-White syndrome of rhythm.
Flecainide is given in the form of tablets or injections, to people who are physically resistant to or intolerant of other treatments.
The treatments are always started in the hospital.
Side effect include dizziness, visual disturbances, and worsening of the existing arrhythmia or development of a new typs. In rare cases nausea, womiting, urticaria (nettle rash)
Small fragments that are perceived to be floating in the field of vision. Floaters move rapidly with eye movement but drigt slightly when the eyes are still. They do not usually affect vision.
The majority of floaters are the result of shadows cast on the retino by microscopic strutures in the vitreous humour (the jellylike substance behind the lens of the eye).
In order people, the vitreous humour tends to shrink slightly and detac consipicous floaters which usually decrease over time.
A kidney that is more mobile within the body than usual.
The lowest two pairs of ris, which are attached to the spine at the back but are not attached to the strenum by cartilage in the same way as the other ribs.
A technique that is used in behaviour therapy for treating many different types of phobias.
Th method of flooding forces the patient of confront the focus of his or her fear directly and for prolonged periods. With the support of a therapist, the patient is repeatedly confronted with the object or situation that he or she is afraid of.
The aim is that through the process of flooding, the patient’s distress should eventually be reduced.
A penicillin drug usually used to treat staphylococcal infections.
An antifungal drug used in the treatment of conditions, a fungal infection that commonly affects the vagina or the mouth.
Although generally well tolerated, fluconazole may sometimes cause nausea and diarrhea.
A term used to describe the movement within a swelling when it is examined by touch.
It is a sign that the swelling contains fluid.
The term is often used to describe an abscess.
The excesssive accumulation of fluid in body tissues.. Mild fluid retention is a common feature of prementrual syndrome, but it disappers with the onset of menstruation.
A more severe case of fluid retention may be associated with an underlying heart, liver or kidney disorder.
A type of flattened worm also known as a tremtoed, that may infest humans or animals. The two main diseases caused by flues are liver fluke infestation which occurs worldwide, and schistosomiasis, a deblitating that is common is tropical countries.
A harmless orange dye (that glows green in contact with defective cells when blue light is sone on it) used in to aid the diagnosis of certain eye disorders.
Fluorescein can be applied to the front of the eye to detect abrasions of the conjuctiva or cornea. It is also given intravenously during fluorescrin angriography in order to detect abnomalities of the blood vessels in the retina.
Which occur in such conditions as macular degenration and diabetic retinopaty.
The addition of fluoride to the water suppy as a means of reducing the incidence of dental caries.
Some areas have naturally high levels of fluoride in the drinking water, in other areas however fluoide is added to bring the concentration up to the recommended level.
In the UK discisions to add fluoride to drinking water are made by the local authroites.