PRACTICAL BABY TECHNIQUE
The nipple is drawn to the back of the mouth the jaws press on the areola to pump milk well supported, and the arm tucked around your body. Whenever possible, have skin-to-skin contact wit your baby during feeds.
- Stroke your baby’s cheek with a finger or your nipple so the mouth opens wide and your baby turns towards the nipple, Expressing a little milk on the nipple will help to encourage your baby.
- Aiming your nipple at the roof of the baby’s mouth, make sure the nipple and as much of the areola around as possible are taken into the mouth.
- If your baby sucks only on the end of the nipple, he or she will not be getting milk and your nipple may become sore, ease the baby off the breast by gently inserting a finger into the corner of the mouth and reposition him or her to try again.
Your baby should take the entire nipple and most of the surrounding areola into his or her mouth during breastfeeding.
It may take practice in the early days for both you and your baby to he breastfeeding right. These steps should help.
- Hold your baby with the head cradled in the crook of your arm.
A Baby with reflex will dislike being laid flat on his or her back and needs to be handled to be handled carefully after a feed. The following measures will help to reduce regurgitation.
- Change your aby’s nappy before the fed and handle your baby gently and hold him or her upright after the feed.
- Give smaller feeds more frequently to avoid overloading your baby’s stomach.
- If you are bottle feeding, use a thickened formula, designed for babies with reflux problem (Ask your health visitor or doctor for advice). Don’t add extra powdered formula to a feed. A breastfed baby over 4 months old can be given 2 teaspoonfuls (10ml) of baby rice dissolved in 2 tablespoons (30ml) of expressed milk or formula before feeds.
- Your baby may be more comfortable in a baby seat immediately after a feed. Raising the head of the cot slightly on books or bricks may help to make your baby more comfortable during sleep.
- To prevent reflux, keep your baby semi-upright in a baby chair or seat for the first 30 minutes or so after each feed.
Intravenous feeding is usually given when large areas of the small intestine have been damaged by disease or have been surgically removed. Nutrient preparation are given and are inserted into a large central vein near the heart, via a catheter (a thin, flexible tube) that is buried under the skin.
A baby grows more rapidly in his or her first year than at any other time life, A good diet is essential for healthy growth and development.
BREAST- OR BOTTLE-FEEDING.
During the first four to six months, most of the nutritional requirements of babies are satisfied by milk alone, whether by breastfeeding or by bottle-feeding. Both human milk and artificial milk contain carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins, and minerals in similer proportions, however, human milk also contains antibodies and white blood cells that protect the baby against infection. From six months of age, supplementary vitamins A, C, and D should be given to breastfed babies, (Formula milk already contains vitamins supplements,) Cow’s milk should milk not be given in the first year of life. From one year, it is safe to feed with full-fat cow’s milk.