SELF HELP: ITCHY EYES
Itchy eyes often look red, and there may also be irritation and a burning feeling. You may want to rub them continually. Anything that irritates the eyes, such as smoky atmospheres, dust, or infection, can produce itching as can allergies such as hay fever or reactions to chlorinated swimming pools, cosmetics, or eye drops. This condition, called. Blepharitis is more common in people who have sin conditions such as dandruff. You may also develop itchy eyes occasionally if you wear contact lenses.
SEE YOUR DOCTOR FIRST
Make an appointment to see your doctor to establish the cause of itchy eyes.
Itchy eyes can be caused by allergies, infection and polluted atmospheres, Avoid rubbing the eyes as it can make the irritation infection.
WHAT YOU CAN DO YOURSELF
The following steps can help relive the problem or be used with eye treatment from your doctor.
- To help soothe allergic itching and irritation use a cold compress soak a clean cloth or cotton-wool pads in cold water, wring it out and lay it gently on your eyes for a few minutes repeat as needed using a clean cloth or pads each time.
- Use artificial tears to help soothe itching due to allergies or to irritants such as dust and smoke (see Drug remedies, right).
- To find out if itching is caused by sensitivity to cosmetics, soap or face or hair products, stop using them, them reintroduce items one by one to see if the problem returns. Throw away old eyes make-up don’t keep mascara for more then 6 months.
- If you have inflamed eyelids and crusty lashes, treat them with an eyelid cleaning regime ( see practical technique right).
Cleaning your eyelids, unless your doctor advises otherwise, try the following steps to help control blepharitis.
- Soak a clean face cloth in warm water, wring it out, then gently press it on your closed eyelid for about 5 minutes. This will soften and loosen any crust.
- Mix a little water with an equal amount of baby shampoo, Dip a cotton wool bud in the mixture, squeeze it out, and roll it along the edge of each eyelid of clean off debris and crusts. Rinse the eyelids with water and dab them dry with a clean towel.
- Repeat, using a clean cloth, for the other eye.
- Clean your eyelids each morning and bedtime until they improve, then once daily to prevent a recurrence.
Artificial treats are available as drops containing hypromellose or gels containing car pooarent leers. Don’t wear contact lenses while you are using these products.
SEEK FURTHER MEDICAL ADVICE.
Arrange to see your doctor again if:
- Symptoms persist for more than 48 hours.
Foreign bodies on or in the conjunction (the transparent membrane covering the white of the eye and lining the inside of the eyelids) can usually be flushed out with water. (See self-help box on previous page). However, medical, attention is needed is needed if the object has penetrated cannot be removed easily by flushing. The doctor may drop fluoresce in (an orange dye) into the eye to reveal the presence of any corneal abrasions or sites of penetration . Ultrasound scanning or X-ray of the eye may also be performed. Anesthetic eye-drops may be applied and a spatula used to remove an object from the cornea (the transparent dome that forms the forms the front of the eyeball). The eye may then be covered with a patch. Antibiotic drugs may be prescribed to fight infection
Eye injuries may be caused by a blow to the eye or penetration of a foreign body (seed eye, foreign body in). However, the eye often escapes service injury because it is protected by the surrounding bone in the repeat blink reflex.
A below to the eye my cause tearing of the iris (the colored part of the eye) with collapse of the eye ball and potential blindness.
Minor injuries may lead to a vitreous hemorrhage (bleeding into the gel felled cavity behind the lens): Hyphaema (bleeding into the front chamber of the Eye): retinal detachment or injury to the trabeculum ( The channel that drains fluid from the eye): which can lead to glaucoma (a sudden increase in fluid pressure in the eyeball). Injuries to the centre of the crania (the transparent dime that from the front of the eyeball) impair vision by causing scarring. Damage to the lens (the component of the eye responsible for focusing) may cause a cataract (loss of transparency)
Hairs that are arranged in rows at the edge of each eyelid and normally curve outwards. The purpose of the eyelashes is to prevent dust and debris fro entering the eye. The lash’s become finer and fewer as a person ages. Growth in abs abnormal direction may be due to injury to the eyelid or, more commonly, to an infection. Sever blepharities (inflammation of the lid margins) may destroy the roots of the lashes. Trachoma, an infection in which the lid can be distorted by scarring, may lead to trichiasis, in which the lashes turn inwards and rub against the cornea (the transparent done that forms of the eyeball).
A popular term for amblyopic (in which normal vision has failed to develop in an otherwise healthy eye). The term “lazy eye” also refers to a convergent squint (in which one eye turns in words).
A fold of tissue at the upper or lower edges of an orbit (eye socket). Te eyelids are held in place by ligaments attached to the socket’s bony edges. They consist of thin plates of fibrous tissue and a thin layer of skin. The inner layer is coved by an extension of the conjunctive (the transparent membrane the covers the white of the eye). Along the edge of each lid are the eyelashes. Immediately behind the eyelashes are the openings of ducts that lead from the meibomain glands, which secrete the oily fluid in tars. The eyelids act as protective shutters, closing almost instantly as a reflex action if anything approaches the eye. They also speed the tear film across the cornea (the transparent dome that forms the front of the eyeball)
Disorders affecting the eyelids include a chalazae (a swelling of a meibomion gland), blepharitis (inflammation of the edge of the eyelid), and a style (a small abscess at the root of one of the lashes). Certain disorders affect the shape and position of the eyelids .These include entropies (in which the eyelid margin turnsoutwards), and ptosis (in which the eyelid droops down, covering all or part of the eye). Myokymia ( twitching f the eyelid) is common, Blepharospasm ( prolonged contraction of the eyelid) is usually due to a condition such as photophobia (abnormal sensitivity of the eyes to sunlight ) or a foreign body. The skin of the eyelid is a common site for a basal cell carcinoma.
Eye, painful red
A common of eye symptoms that may be due to an of various eye disorders. Another cause of pain and renew in one eye is acute close-angle glaucoma (a sudden increase in pressure within the eyeball). The pain is severe and maybe accompanied by nausea, vacating, and blurred vision. Increased blood flow in the surrounding blood vessels causes redness in the white of the eye… There are additional causes of painful red eye including dermatitis (inflammation of the cornea, the outer protective layer of the eye), which usually accuse as a result of a cornea ulcer, and a foreign body in the eye (see eye, foreign body in).
A common term used to describe aching or discomfort in or around the eye. Eye-strain is usually due to a headache caused by fatigue, tiredness of muscles around the eye, sinusitis blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelid margins) or conjunctivitis (inflammation of the conjunctiva the transparent membrane that covers the white of the eye).
A common name for the canine teeth.
Tumors of the eye are rare. However, when eye tumors’ do accrue, they are usually painless and cancerous.
TYPES AND TREATMENT
This is a cancerous tumor of the retina (the light-sensitive inner layer at the back of the eye) that most often affects children. Reticulation may be treated by radiotherapy, loser treatments, or cryosurgery (freezing), but the eye accompanied by irrigation and discharge may be caused by conjunctivas inflammation of the transparent membrane covering the white of the eye lining the inside of the eyelids.
May have to be removed to prevent spread of the tenor
MALIGNANT MELANOMA This form of cancer occurs in the choroid the layer of tissue between the retina and the scleroses the white of the eye and usually affects middle-aged or elderly people. There are no symptoms in the early stages, but the tumor eventually causes retinal detachment and distortion of vision small malignant melanomas can be destroyed by laser treatment but the eye may need to be removed to prevent spread of the tumor,
SECONDARY EYE TUMORS If cancer elsewhere in the body spreads to the symptoms depend on a tumor’s location and growth rate, Secondary radio therapy however the primary tumor will need to be treated separately.
BASAL ALL CARCINOMA his is the most common type of tumor of the eyelid its may be caused by excessive usually has a crusty central crater and a hard rolled edge. In the early stages a basal cell carcinoma of the radiotherapy or cryosurgery the eyelid may need to remove……
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