How to Fat Low in Our body.
A substance that is composed of one or more fatty acids. Fat is the main form in which energy is stored by the body. A layer of fat, known as adipose tissue, lies directly beneath the skin Excess amounts of fat are deposited under the skin in obesity.
Causing, or ending in death.
A localized collection of fatty tissue. Fat pads are normally found in parts of the body that need cushioning and protection, such as behind the eyeballs, around the kidneys, behind the knees, abnormal fat pads may be noncancerous tumors or may develop in the Certain disorder such as lipodystrophy.
Fats and Oils
Nutrients that provide the body with its most concentrated form of energy. Fats are the largest group of lipids wand are compounds containing chains of carbon and hydrogen atoms with very little oxygen. Chemically they consist mostly of fatty acids combined with glycerol. Fats are usually solid at room temperature, while oils and liquid.
Olie Oil is a rich source of mono untreated fat which is now known to decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease when part of a healthy diet.
Fats and oils are divided into two main groups – saturated and unsaturated depending on the proportion of hydrogen atoms they contain. If the fatty acids contain the maximum possible quantity of hydrogen, the fats are saturated. If some sites on the carbon chain are unoccupied by hydrogen, they are unsaturated Monounsaturated fats are unsaturated fats with only one site that could take an extra hydrogen atom, if many sites are vacant, the fats are polyunsaturated. Animal fats such as those in meat and dairy products are largely saturated vegetable fats tend to be unsaturated.
FAT AND HEALTH
The amount and types of fat in the diet have important implications for health. A diet containing a large amount of fat, particularly saturated fat, is linked to obesity and an increased risk of atherosclerosis and of subsequent coronary artery disease and stroke. Other serious disorders related to the consumption of excess fat include cancers of the breast, diabetes Mellitus.
USES IN THE BODY.
Some dietary fats, mainly triglycerides are sources of the fat foluble vitamins A,D,E
And K and also of essential fatty acids.Triglycerides are the main form of fat stored in the body, these stores act as an energy reserve,, they also provide insulation and a protective layer for delicate organs such as the heart and kidneys. Phospholipids are structural fats found in cell membranes. Sterols such as cholesterol are found in animal and plant tissues, they have a variety of functions and are essential for making hormones or vitamins phospholipids and sterols are made in the body from nutrients provided in the diet.
Dietary fats are first emulsified by bile salts before being broken down by lipase, a pancreatic enzyme, they are absorbed via the lymphatic system before entering the bloodstream to be carried in the blood, the lipids become bound to proteins in the state they are known as lipoproteins, there are four classes of lipoprotein, (HDLs), Desity lipoproteins.
(LDLs), and very density lipoproteins (VLDLs) LDLDs and VLDLs contain large amounts of cholesterol which they carry through the bloodstream and deposit in tissues, they are sometimes referred to as bad fats. HDLS Known as good fats, pick up cholesterol and carry it back to the liver for processing and excretion. High level of LDLs are associated with atherosclerosis, where as HDLs have a protective effect.