A rare inherited disorder caused by a deficiency of alpha-galactosidase A, an enzyme (a protein that acts as a catalyst) necessary for the metabolism of certain lipids in the body, Without the enzyme lipids accumulate in the tissues, especially in the nerves, heart and kidneys, Fairy’s disease is inherited as an X-linked recessive trait (see genetic disorders and therefore affects males more commonly than females.
Among the first symptoms to develop often in childhood are pain and discomfort in the hands and feet as a result of damage to the peripheral nerves, as the condition progresses, heart and kidney function may become impaired female carriers usually show only mild symptoms,.
TREATMENT AND OUTLOOK
Hand and feet pain is treated with carbamazepine sufferers usually survive into adulthood but are at risk from strokes; hear attacks, and kidney damage.
A cosmetic operation to smooth out wrinkles and lift sagging skin on the face to make it look younger. The effect is achieved by making an incision near or along the hairline on each side of the face lifting the skin off the face and then removing the excess skin. The edges of skin are the stitched back together within the hailing.
Some bruising of the face is common following the procedure and there may be some discomfort stitches are removed three to five days after the operation in the most sasses the scars which fade within about a year are hidden by natural crease lines or by the hair the effect of a face-lift usually lasts about five year.
In a few cases satisfactory healing does not occur because blood.
Prior to face-lift, his woman face has been marked to indicate where the incision will be made the procedure will tighten the skin over her face and neck and around here upper and lower eyelids.
Facet Joint are found in the spine they do not allow a wide range of movement but they give the spine flexibility, letting it arch backwards, twist around or curve forwards accumulates under the skin or because of infection that leads to severe scarring,
A type of joint found in the spine formed by the process) bony projection) of one vertebra fitting into a hollow in the vertebra above. Facet joints allow a degree of movement between vertebrae which gives the spine its flexibility.
YOUR BODY” LOCATION OF THE FACIAL NERVE
Arising from the brain stem the facial nerve has branches that connect to the outer ear tongue salivary glands, and muscles of facial expression in the neck and face.
Faisal nerve branches of the facial nerve innate the taste buds the skin of the external ear, and the salivary and lachrymal glands the muscles used in facial expressions are controlled by this nerve.
The seventh cranial nerve which arises from structures in the brainstem and send branches to the face neck salivary glands and outer ear the facial nerve performs both motor and sensory function it controls the neck muscles and those of facial expression it stimulates the secretion of saliva and it conveys sensory information from the tongue and from the outer ear.
Damage to the facial nerve results in weakness of the facial muscles (see facial palsy) and in some cases loss of taste such damage is probably most often due to a viral infection but may also occur in stoke in stoke.
Pain in the face may be due to nay one of a variety of causes or may occur for no known reason.
Injury to the face such as by blows or cuts is a common cause of facial pain, Facial pain is also commonly due to infection spaces in the facial bones, can cause pain around the eyes and in the cheek bones, The onset of mumps can cause pain in the cheek before swelling is apparent the pain is in front of and or below the ears pain from a boil in the nose or ear may also be felt in the face.
Problems with the teeth and jaws are another common cause of facial pain such problems include severe pain such problems include severe tooth decay see caries dental and abscess (see abscess dental) impacted wisdom teeth impaction dental or partial dislocation of the jaw.
Damage to one of the nerves that supply the face can also produce severe pain, Conditions resulting from nerve damage include the stabbing pain that precedes that rash of herpes zoster and intermittent shooting pain of germinal neuralgia which usually affects the cheek lip gum or chin on one side and is often brought on by touching the face or chewing.
During a migraine headache pain may also occur on one side of the face. Facial pain that occurs for no apparent reason may occasionally be a symptom of depression.
Analgesic drugs (painkillers) can provide temporary relief from pain, but severs or persistent facial pain requires medical attention.
Weaken do the facial muscles as a result id damage to , or inflammation of, the facial nerve. The condition is usually temporary and addicts only one side of the face.
Facial pain con have many courses; sinusitis is one of the most common causes producing pain around the eyes and cheek bones.
Facial palsy is most often due to bill’s palsy, which occurs foe no known reason, less commonly, the zoster (shingle) affecting with ear and facial nerve. Facial palsy may also result from surgical damage to this nerve, or compression of the nerve by a tumor..
Facial palsy usually develops suddenly. The eyelid and the corner of the mouth on one side of the face droop, and there may be pain in the ear on that side. The ability to wrinkle the brow or to close the eye may be lost, and smiling is distorted. Depending on which nerve beaches are affected, the sense of tested may be impaired do sounds may seem to be unnaturally load…
In may cases, facial palsy clears up without treatment pain can be relieved by taking analgesics (painkillers), and exercising the facial muscles may aid recovery. It may be necessary to tape the eyelid shut at bedtime in order to avoid the risk do corneal abrasion. Bell’s palsy may be treated with corticosteroid drugs to reduce inflammation and speed recovery. Re-routing do grafting of nerve tissue may help people suffering from palsy caused by an injury or a tambour…
An uncommon disorder in which the muscles that are supplied by the facial mere twitch frequently. Facial spasm, which predominantly addicts middle ages woman, is of in known cause…
See facial spasm…
A group of disorders in which a patient’s symptoms mimic those of a true illness but which have been incented by, and are under the control of the patient. There is no apparent cause other then a wish for attention; the desire to assume the role of a patient may be an escape from everyday life in order to be cared for and protected…
One of the blood proteins that maintains the balance between the bloods allotting too easily or too slowly after an injury. About 5 per can’t of the population have an inherited mutation in the gene controlling factor V production, known as factor V leaden. They are at increased risk of deep-vein thrombosis (see thrombophilio), particularly of taking the oral contraceptive pill or going on long aircraft journeys.
One of the blood proteins involved in blood clotting. People with hemophilia have a reduced level of factor VIII in their blood and, consequently, have a tendency to abnormal bleeding and to prolonged The level of factor VIII can be determined by analyzing a sample of blood If someone has a deficiency of factor VIII any bleeding offer on injury will be prolonged bleeding when injury. People with severe hemophilia concentrate of factor VIII. This treatment reduces the bleeding tendency a normal the bleeding tendency and allows the affected person a normal quality of life.
A protein in blood that rote in the clotting mechanism. A deficiency of factor IX causes a rare genetic bleeding disorder known as Christmas disease..
A condition in which a large mass of hard faces cannot be evacuated from the rectum. It is usually associated with long-standing constipation. Faucal impaction is moss common is very young children and in elderly people, especially those who are bedridden. The main symptoms are an intense desire to pass a bowel movement; pain in the rectum, anus, and centre of the abdomen; and in some cases, watery fears that are passed around the mass ( and may be confused with diarrheas)..Treatment of faces impaction is with enamels or, in causes where these are ineffective, by manual of the faucal mass…
A small, hard piece of impacted faces that forms in a diverticculum ( a sac in the well if the intestine). A facility is harmless unless it forms a blockage at the entrance to the sac, which causes diverticulitis, or too the appendix, which causes appendicitis..
Faucal occult blood test (FOBT)
A test, also known as a stool guise test, that is used for the presence of hidden blood in the faucal (See occult blood, faucal). FOBT is a screening test may be one of the earliest indications of colorectal cancer (see colon, cancer of ; rectum, cancer if). One example of a commonly used brand of FOBT is Hem occult.
Of matter that resembles faucal, either inn appearance or odor od both. Faucal vomiting is a symptom os serious intestinal abstraction (see intestine, die riders of).
Waste material from the digestive tract that is solidified in the large intestine and expelled through the anus, Faces are composed of indigestible food residue (dietary fiber),dead bacteria, dead cells shed from the intestinal lining, intestinal secretions such as mucus, bile from the liver (which is the substance that gives faucet their brown coleus), and after…
Examination of the faces plays an important part in the diagnosis of disorders of the divertive tract, such as mol sorption. Samples of faces may be examined physically for their color, odour consistency, or for the presence of blood. A special test, known as a faucal account blood test (FOBT), is used to detect concealed blood in the faucal (see faucal jackal occult blood test; occult blood, faucal).
Microscopic examination may be carried out to detected pus, parasites, or Microscopic. Chemical tests may be performed to assess the excretion of fat. (See also faucal, abnormal.)
Feces that differ from normal in their color dour consistency or content abnormal feces may be an indication of a disorder of the digestive systems or a related organ such as the liver.
A change in the character of feces however is most often the result of a change in diet.
Diarrhea ( frequent passage of liquid or very loose feces) may simply be due to anxiety however, it may be the result of an intestinal infection (see gastroenteritis) an intestinal disorder such as ulcerate colitis or croon’s disease or irritable bowel syndrome, loose stools may also be an indication of malabsorption (impaired absorption of nutrients by the small intestine).
Constipation ( infrequent passage of very hard feces) is generally harmless, constipation that develops unexpectedly, however may be caused by a disorder of the large intestine such as cancer pale feces may be caused by diarrhea, a lack of bile in the intestine as a result of bile duct obstruction or disease that causes malabsorption such as Cecelia disease, in malabsorption the paleness is caused by the high fat content of the feces, this type of fixes may be oily foul-smelling and difficult to flush away. Dark feces may result from taking iron tablets if the feces are black however there may be bleeding in the upper digestive tract, faxes that contain excessive mucus are sometime associated with constipation or with irritable bowel syndrome, enteritis dysentery or a tumor of the intestine may also lead to the passage of excess mucus often accompanied by blood.
Blood in the feces differs in the appearance depending on the site of bleeding, bleeding from the stomach or duodenum is usually passed in the form of black, tarry feces, blood from the colon is red and iss usually passed at the sometime as the feces bleeding from the rectum or anus, which may be due to tumor or to hemorrhoids, “piles” is usually bright red, Occasionally however it may not even be visible,
Faces, blood in the
See faces, abnormal: occult blood, fecal rectal bleeding.
A temperature scale in which the melting point of ice is 32o and the boiling point of water is 212o. On this scale, normal body temperature is 98.6of, which is equivalent to 37oC Celsius (C). To convert temperature in Fahrenheit to its Celsius equivalent, subtract 32 and multiply by 0.56 (or 9/5). To convert a Celsius temperature to Fahrenheit, multiply by 1.8 (or 9/5), then add 32. (See also Celsius scale).
A rare degenerative neurological disorder characterized by the appearance of abnormal calcium deposits and associated with cell loss in certain areas of the brains fair’s disease may be familial in which case it shows either an autonomic recessive or dominant pattern of inheritance (see genetic disorder). In many cases however the cause of the disorder is unknown. Symptoms of fares disease in clued progressive dementia (deterioration in brain function) and loss of acquired motor skills. Increased muscle stiffness and restricted movements may also develop. Possible compilations include characterized by slow involuntary writhing movements or chorea characterized by irregular rapid jerky moments. There may also be gradual deterioration of eyesight. Individual symptoms of fair’s disease are treated where possible but there is no cure.
Failure to thrive
Failure of expected growth is an infant or toddler usually assessed by comparing the rate at which a baby gains weight with measurements on a standardized growth chart. An diagnosed minor illness such as a urinary infection may be to the cause in some cases failure to thrive suggest a more serious disorder such as congenital heart disease or kidney failure.