Egypt and the Western powers in Europe
While Britain was forging alliances in the Middle East she had also to face the new situation in Egypt. Sooner after the fall of Farouk the old Egyptian political parties, including the nationalist Wafd, which had opposed British influence for over sixty years, were dissolved. They were replaced by the army liberation rally, pro-revolutionary new nationalist movement controlled by the army officers who had staged the revolution and commanding widespread popular support. Σε 1954 Nasser became prime minister ( and later president) and the British had to deal with a passionate nationalist who was strongly opposed to their presence both in the canal zone and Sudan. Σε 1953 the Egyptians had agreed that the Sudanese should be allowed to choose their own future, although they continued to campaign for a Union of Egypt and Sudan. In fact, ωστόσο, the Sudanese chose complete independence σε 1956.
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